2. (noun) Phormium tenax had many uses in traditional Māori society. 1. 2. New Zealand flax, Phormium tenax - an important native plant with long, stiff, upright leaves and dull red flowers. / The rain's clearing on shore and at sea, it's a day when the rain will stop. Description Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani. It has been hybridized (see … Te Pa Harakeke is a gift from us, NZ Maori Tourism, and Aotearoa New Zealand as a whole, to the iwi taketake tourism operators and organisations of the world.. Flax is also used as a decorative and structural element in tukutuku, panelling found within Mãori wharenui (meeting houses). to strip. Although given the common name ‘flax’ they are quite distinct from the Northern Hemisphere plant known as flax … , The fibre has been widely used since the arrival of Māori to New Zealand, originally in Māori traditional textiles and also in rope and sail making after the arrival of Europeans until at least WWII. 'Bronze Baby' - arching bronze leaves, 2-to-3-foot (0.61 to 0.91 m) plant. First European Contact with New Zealand and the Maori. 1. Mostly orange or yellow flowers and twisted, hanging seed pods. NZ Herald The Northern Advocate The Northland Age The ... "They love them because they're made of flax and represent something Māori." I te wā o te ngahuru kua hua ngā kai, kua ngahiri. harakeke. Ka whāngainga ki te rau kōrari, nāwai ā, ka hurihia te wira e te ringa tangata, ka anga ka rakuraku ngā tara o taua mira, mea rawa ake, kua puta mai te muka i tua i ngā niho o taua mea. The flax in these modern baskets is brilliantly dyed. Mēnā ka pāorooro te tētere, he paoro tērā (Te Ara 2012). It grows right throughout New Zealand and is tough enough to survive in the mountains or on the coast. (noun) (verb) Flax played an important role in traditional Maori life. The Asia New Zealand Foundation has been gifted a Māori name, Te Whītau Tūhono, to sit alongside its English name. He ōrite te tōkere ki te pākōkō, ki te pākēkē (Wh3 2003:167). Muka Flax- Harakeke Muka is a natural and traditional Māori resource extracted from Harakeke (NZ Native Flax Bush). (noun) 2. Phormium tenax is a coastal cover plant associated with significant habitat such as the breeding habitat for the endangered yellow-eyed penguin.. 2. May 2, 2020 - Explore Norah Maclachlan's board "Maori weaving" on Pinterest. pā. 2. It may not be readily accessible to weavers today. / On his advice they ignored a bugle call ordering retreat and remained hidden. The first was by Wellington-based Leonard Cockayne about 1908. It has straight, upright seed pods. Synonyms: In traditional Māori medicine, ailments are treated in a holistic manner with: spiritual healing; the power of karakia; the mana of the tohunga (expert) by the use of herbs. Machine made. dressed flax placed in water for dyeing. Phormium tenax (called flax in New Zealand English; harakeke in Māori; New Zealand flax outside New Zealand; and New Zealand hemp in historical nautical contexts) is an evergreen perennial plant native to New Zealand and Norfolk Island that is an important fibre plant and a popular ornamental plant. See also (noun) Māori have always selected different types of flax and grown them in plantations known as pā harakeke. The main weaving resource used was Harakeke - New Zealand flax (phormium tenax). , The jumping spider Trite planiceps lives predominantly in the rolled-up leaves of this species. Bark used to stain flax samples (Flax Exhibition Catalogue 1871) Mordant composed of aluminous clay (Colenso 1869a, 1869b) Bark used by a few inland Māori tribes for dyeing flax cloths (Cheeseman 1906) Nicholas 1817 (p.340) described the vessel used to dye fibre … (noun) Māori have many traditional uses for harakeke (Phormium tenax) from to the making of traps and fishing nets and the weaving of whāriki (mats) and kete (baskets). to clear up (of rain). Me hōripi tētahi wāhi o te kiri o te ārani kia ngāwari ai te tīhore i te kiri (PK 2008:134). flax bush, generations - sometimes used as a metaphor to represent the whānau and the gene pools inherited by children from their two parents and the passing of attributes down the generations. / Kahu-koka was the person who had the forethought to bring with him a basket of kūmara tubers, which was wrapped up in koka, hence his companions gave him that name Kahu-koka. (verb) (-tia) (noun) • Very brief overview of harakeke flax use in NZ from 1250-2015 (please refer to our ‘timeline of Harakake/flax use in NZ’ resource for a more comprehensive information • Things to think about….. (e.g. wooden clappers, flax clappers - made from the thick woody end of a flax leaf. Ka tae ana rāua ki mua o te whare, ka pākōkō te wahine i te kūwaha. / A copy of the electronic file should be returned to me. A collection of over 1300 Christian, Mormon and non religious Māori first names and baby names with their equivalent English name. Māori (/ ˈ m aʊ r i /; Māori pronunciation: [ˈ m aː ɔ ɾ i] listen), also known as te reo ('the language'), is an Eastern Polynesian language spoken by the Māori people, the indigenous population of New Zealand.Closely related to Cook Islands Māori, Tuamotuan, and Tahitian, it gained recognition as one of New Zealand's official languages in 1987. 2. The name ‘Te Rito’ is based on the baby shoot at the heart of the flax. / If the thunder resounded that was a a thunderclap. It has straight, upright seed pods. When Māori first arrived in Aotearoa , they encountered a climate that was much colder than their homeland in Polynesia. Harakeke is still used to make baskets, floor mats, piupiu (a form of skirt), cloaks, and ropes. flax clappers - made by splitting the bottom woody end of the flax leaf and bending one half back, so that when the wrist holding the ngutu rakiraki is flicked the two blades slap together. New Zealand flax describes the very common native plants Phormium tenax and Phormium colensoi, known by the Māori names harakeke and wharariki respectively. 1. The Māori name for the hills above Lyttelton, near where the gondola reaches its summit, is named after a grisly memento of a battle fought between two iwi about 300 years ago. 2003. / The night is clearing, there will be a frost. (noun) This page explores the history and tikanga of harakeke (New Zealand flax), and how it is harvested and woven. In the Māori language one word may have multiple meanings. , The blades of the plant contain cucurbitacins, which are poisonous to some animals, and some of them are among the bitterest tastes to humans. It is a bushy evergreen perennial, native to New Zealand and Norfolk Island that was an important fibre plant for weaving. 2. Textbook (Ed. Harakeke Flax Oil benefits for skin. This is a general name for the harakeke leaf and the plant itself, but each different variety has its own name. Perfect for your art & crafts mahi (work)! Prior to the Great Depression of the 1930s, which decimated flax as an industry, there were two serious attempts by Europeans to breed for fibre. Jun 13, 2015 - Bev led a workshop on the Maori art of Flax Weaving. (noun) Flax Weaving Loom Weaving Basket Weaving Hand Weaving Adult Crafts Fun Crafts Loom Yarn International Craft Phormium tenax (called flax in New Zealand English; harakeke in Māori; New Zealand flax outside New Zealand; and New Zealand hemp in historical nautical contexts) is an evergreen perennial plant native to New Zealand and Norfolk Island that is an important fibre plant and a popular ornamental plant. Dig into and choose from MomJunction’s treasure of 70,000+ baby names that are divided based on meaning, religion, origin, English alphabet, and gender. 2. 1 kg bundles of NZ harakeke (flax). "Taylor's Encyclopedia of Garden Plants", Houghton Mifflin Company, http://www.nzetc.org/tm/scholarly/tei-Gov09_02Rail-t1-body-d7-d2.html, http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=DOM19080507.2.60, http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=EP19291221.2.108, http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&cl=search&d=EP19300920.2.20, http://sainthelenaisland.info/endemics.htm, Harakeke image gallery from Landcare Research - Manaaki Whenua, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phormium_tenax&oldid=955798043, Plants used in traditional Māori medicine, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A New Zealand flax plant with tall flower stems. 1. The New Zealand flax snail is found in the north island of New Zealand. 1. These cultivars have names, and are used for various purposes. Common names are flax, harakeke in Māori. With the iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, and Android app you can use the dictionary anywhere without the need to be online. They are easy to grow in a sunny spot, especially in coastal areas with some protection in winter, but require reliably moist soil. Kāore anō te kōnae o te kupenga i ū mai ki uta, kua rere a Kahu-hunu ki te whawhao ika māna, arā, ki te muru (JPS 1905:67). Streamed television programmes for developing listening comprehension skills. The New Zealand Chef Bringing Māori Ingredients to the Fine Dining Stage. Harakeke is the Maori name for New Zealand flax, a luxurious botanical moisturizer that is packed with linoleic acid, which boosts the skin’s barrier layer, helping to seal in natural moisture. 1. Nō te taenga mai o ētahi Pākehā hou, ka hoatu kia rua pū mō te tana whītau, kotahi rānei pū, me te waipāta paura me ngā matā (TP 7/1900:11). For international shipping please contact us for a customised order. 3. The two most common forms for flax in traditional craft are the use of stripped, dried leaves as broad bands, such as in the weaving of kete (flax baskets), and the scraping, pounding, and washing of the leaves to create a fibre — muka — which is used in tāniko (weaving) of soft, durable fabric for clothing. It has straight, upright seed pods. prepared flax fibre. Pacific islands have coconut or palm leaves, whereas Māori have been growing and harvesting Harakeke with tikanga (protocols) to ensure the plant lasts many generations. New Zealand flax describes the common New Zealand perennial plants Phormium tenax and Phormium colensoi, known by the Māori names harakeke and wharariki respectively. / Castanets are like wooden and flax clappers. people often buy little ‘flax kete’ from their local dollar stores, but they’re not made in NZ and certainly not from flax!) (noun) New Zealand flax, Phormium tenax - an important native plant with long, stiff, upright leaves and dull red flowers. Māori name: Harekeke English name: Swamp Flax, Common Flax, or New Zealand Flax Scientific name: Phormium tenax NZ Status: Endemic Conservation Status (NZTCS): Non threatened Found: Harakeke grows throughout New Zealand from sea level to about 1,300m.It is commonly found alongside rivers and in swamps, and sometimes called swamp flax because of its affinity for damp locations. Here we explain its meaning and significance. (Colenso 1882b). Flax* Here are the kupu in this group. Besides the official name of Te Waipounamu, another Māori name for the South Island is Te Waka-a-Māui, the canoe of Māui. New Zealand was originally covered with dense native bush, and its ferns, vines, palms, fungi, berries, fruit and seeds became important foods for early Māori. thunder. Although given the common name ‘flax’ they are quite distinct from the Northern Hemisphere plant known as flax ( … / It was fed with some flax leaves, and after a time when the wheel was turned by hand, the teeth of the mill began to scrape the flax, and soon the dressed flax was produced by the teeth. Maori culture and mythology descriptions. This Māori dictionary is now available as an app. 2): (noun) to be cloudless (of the sky). 4. What is Te Pa Harakeke? The plant grows as a clump of long, straplike leaves up to two meters long. See also Māori name: Harekeke English name: Swamp Flax, Common Flax, or New Zealand Flax Scientific name: Phormium tenax NZ Status: Endemic Conservation Status (NZTCS): Non threatened Found: Harakeke grows throughout New Zealand from sea level to about 1,300m.It is commonly found alongside rivers and in swamps, and sometimes called swamp flax because of its affinity for damp locations. / It's a place 20 miles wide, but it's a high mountain with bare cliffs. 1. Leaves are 1 – 3 m long. Before using a name in the list, you should also check what other meanings are associated with the name. May 21, 2018 - Explore Michelle Rauwhero-Graham's board "MAORI WALL HANGINGS" on Pinterest. Flax is generally a very common plant throughout New Zealand, but many of the special forms that were cultivated by Māori for weaving were nearly lost during the twentieth century. 1. Me whakahoki mai tētahi tauira o te kōnae rorohiko ki a au (HM 2/1994). The roots could be crushed to make poultices for skin infections, and to produce a juice with disinfectant and laxative properties. / Pull off the branches of this tree. Also known as 'Swamp Flax' this is the most common of the two varieties in New Zealand. The First World War saw New Zealand’s flax exports peak at over 30,000 tons a year and prices rise to £50 a ton, but a surreptitious foe was already infiltrating our flax fields. Instead they developed a rich culture of weaving, largely based on flax. / A variegated flax, with bright green leaves, yellow stripes, orange edges and midrib, while the fibre of this flax is white and shiny. Koromiko is the Māori name given to several New Zealand native plants formerly belonging to the hebe group of plants. 2. It can grow in more brackish habitats than kuta, and is found on the margins of rivers, lakes and ponds up to 300 m above sea level. Thirty-five flax plants have been replanted at Waikato's Lake Ruatuna as part of a project to establish a nursery for the sought-after weaving material. (noun) Kōraria mai te peka o te rākau nei (W 1971:140). Use for adornment, and packaging, plus it can be easily dyed. flax scrapings. 4. Each name was carefully researched by Te Taura Whiri i te reo Māori, to confirm it was a Māori name. flax variety - a variety of harakeke used for rough garments. The starchy rhizomes were an important food, and the yellow pollen was gathered and baked into a sweet, light cake. 1. This dictionary comprises a selection of modern and everyday language that will be extremely useful for learners of the Māori language. © Copyright 2003-2021 - John C Moorfield, Te Aka Online Māori Dictionary. It is a resource for the sharing of stories, information, and best practice examples. Although given the common name 'flax' they are quite distinct from the Northern Hemisphere plant known as flax (Linum usitatissimum) See more ideas about Weaving, Flax weaving, Maori. (noun) These art forms are much more than mere decorations. Students are taught never to disturb the inner shoots when cutting flax as the baby along with its mother and father on each side is a family unit that should not be broken. (noun) small basket woven from flax. See more ideas about flax weaving, maori designs, weaving. down, waste from scraping flax, nap (of a garment), fine dust - anything light and fine. Online modules of animated movies and activities that complement the Te Whanake textbooks for learning Māori. / When they arrived at the front of the house the woman banged on the door. Harakeke is the most commonly used Maori word for flax ( Phormium tenax - one of the best varieties harakeke. Māori society Manuka is very similar in appearance to Kanuka which is more common in mountains... 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