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according to the gender intensification hypothesis quizlet

Broad impressions and beliefs about females and males are termed: 28. They hold to: 55. Which disease does Marc have? Relations between the United States and the Soviet Union—erstwhile allies—soured soon after World War II. Pablo feels pressure to be a strong, independent provider. Aaron just turned 13 and has decided he needs to be more "manly" so he starts picking fights with other boys and engaging is risky behaviors,things he never did when he was younger.His behavior can best be explained by: A) the gender intensification hypothesis. They form exclusive, male peer groups and minimize interaction with females. C) gender-role transcendence. 12. Testosterone is a sex hormone, which is more present in males than females, and affects development and behavior both before and after birth. ‐Gender-intensification hypothesis Gender Stereotypes in Adolescence •In early adolescence, gender stereotyping might increase again •By late adolescence, gender attitudes become more flexible Gender Roles in Adulthood •Gender roles change during the adult years ‐Parental imperative: •Mothers and fathers adopt different gender roles so Chad is upset, but actively refuses to show his emotion. Joe has: 66. Researchers have found links between hormone levels and certain behaviors. This is an example of which gender development theory? Whereas male traits are generally instrumental, female traits are: 30. A)the gender composition of a job B)interruptions to women's employment over the course of their working life C)discrimination in the workplace D)benevolent and hostile sexism According to the gender-intensification hypothesis, what is a likely result of adolescent boys attempting to be viewed as more masculine? The primary factor that determines whether a woman will have an active sex life during middle age is: 105. Second, we found gender intensification in self‐conceptualizations as masculine and feminine: More so than children and emerging adults, middle adolescents adopted stereotypically masculine and feminine traits. Which of the following statements regarding current-day knowledge about sexual orientation is correct? 5. This is MOST likely because they: 104. Kyle and Angie have decided to wait until they are married to have sex. Which of the following factors is the MOST likely contributing factor? In terms of effect sizes, the gender similarities hypothesis states that most psychological gender differences are in the close-to- Children as young as 9 months-old prefer to play with toys specific to their own gender, according to a new study. Pat is a: 6. correct incorrect. Although adolescent contraceptive use is increasing, the United States continues to have one of the highest __________ rates in the industrialized world. How many college freshman women report having been date raped or having experienced an attempted date rape at least once? 85. What is MOST likely happening to Denise? For example, a child who lives in a very traditional culture might believe that a woman’s role is in the caring and raising of children, while a man’s role is in work and industry. According to Kohlberg’s theory of gender-role development. 90. What advice about bicultural identity would psychologist Laura Brown give to a gay or lesbian couple? Through these observations, children form schema related to what men and women can and cannot do. 50. the development of gender stereotypes. b. Arial is fifteen years old and pregnant. Mr. Martin is 84 years old and has no major health problems. 2. 72. 43. 102. Testosterone, when released in the womb, cau… 14. This is: 45. Which of the following 16 year-old girls is MOST likely to become pregnant? B) androgyny. Report talk involves sharing information, while rapport talk involves: 49. As men grow older, there is a continuing trend that older men __________. Programs that aim to reduce adolescent pregnancy, such as Taking Care of Business and Health Bridge: 93. Proponents of the social-roles hypothesis criticize modern evolutionary theorists for ignoring _____ in their theory of gender-typing. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) affect approximately __________ U.S. adults. Gender intensification appears to be driven by. “World communism is like a malignant parasite which feeds only on diseased tissue,” he wrote, and “the steady advance of uneasy Russian nati… 78. 101. Which of the following is a finding of Robert Michael's extensive interview study regarding Americans' sex lives? Which of the following pairs is correct? Older women from ethnic minority groups warrant special attention because they often face triple jeopardy in: 52. Selected Answer: moral responsibilities that exist within relationships. Through adolescence, the time in gendered social contexts generally showed to be associated with the development of more gender stereotyped qualities. The topic of gender and leadership deserves serious and thoughtful consideration and discussion because of professional, political, cultural, and personal realities of the twenty‐first century. Gender schemas have an impact not only on how people process information but on the attitudesand beliefs that direct "gender-appropriate" behavior. 97. What percentage of female rape victims suffer some form of sexual dysfunction? Females are most likely to be stereotyped as expressing more warmth and sensitivity, whereas males are most likely to be stereotyped as expressing more: 31. One research study revealed that the more time adolescent girls and boys spent watching television for entertainment, the more ___ their body images.-negative Adolescents’ gender attitudes and behavior are powerfully influenced by peer approval or disapproval. The notion that very old adults have no sex life is. Which of the following statements is FALSE? Charlie disputes Helen's complaint that they never talk. Men are likely to engage in helping behavior when: 40. One of the best predictors of getting an STI is: 69. Which of the following STIs is caused by bacteria rather than a virus? 48 an example of gender role scripts 49 the gender intensification... 49. the gender-intensification hypothesis. 100. His doctor is likely to treat him with: 103. 80. Which of the following describes congenital adrenal hyperplasia? According to a recent national study, what percentage of U.S. high school seniors were currently sexually active? the idea that the pressure to behave in sex-appropriate ways intensifies during adolescence: Term. Comparing the math abilities of males and females shows that: 34. 9. correct incorrect. Which of the following is NOT an alternative to HRT? Observation, imitation, and rewards and punishment are facets of which gender theory? 45. Condoms are least effective against the spread of: 67. Which of the following statements regarding sexuality in children is true? Results from a review of 46 meta-analyses support the gender similarities hypothesis. Although pregnancy rates in the United States remain high, they fell to a record low in 2004. Which of the following countries has the highest rate of teen pregnancy? Critics of social cognitive theory argue that it pays too little attention to the roles of the child's own mind and understanding. Gender differences can vary substantially in magnitude at … Gender intensification: Term. The same sex hormones occur in both men and women, but differ in amounts and in the effect that they have upon different parts of the body. 63. What is the likely reaction of their peers? According to the gender-intensification hypothesis, what is a likely result of adolescent boys attempting to be viewed as more masculine? It also dictat… Unwittingly, the students align traditionally male jobs with pictures of men and traditionally female jobs with pictures of women. 82. Social cognitive theory attributes psychological differences between men and women to: 18. 89. theory. When reviewing factors related to school achievement, such as class participation, attention, and academic success: 35. Which of the following statements regarding the male role in society is accurate? What percent of emerging adults report not having sex at all in the last year or only having sex a couple of times? According to the text, no one has ever seen evolution. 29/10/2015 4 Effects 1. Gender Intensification Hypothesis: Definition. Answer: c Bloom's Taxonomy: Knowledge Difficulty Level: Basic Feedback: 436 Learning Goal 3: Describe the development of gender through the life span 47. 94. The Gender Intensification Hypothesis. 62. That is, men and women, as well as boys and girls, are more alike than they are different. Gender intensification occurs during _____ and is thought to most clearly reflect _____ . Ester Boserup (18 May 1910 – 24 September 1999) was a Danish economist.She studied economic and agricultural development, worked at the United Nations as well as other international organizations, and wrote seminal books on agrarian change and the role of women in development.. Boserup is known for her theory of agricultural Joe has contracted a virus that is destroying his body's immune system. The gender intensification hypothesis suggests that girls and boys experience increased pressure to conform to culturally sanctioned gender roles during adolescence (Hill and Lynch 1983). What percentage of college men admit to forcing a woman into a sexual act? These critics support a(n) __________ approach to gender theory. Male rapists share all of the following characteristics EXCEPT: 68. a proven hypothesis becomes a . 74. 91. Which of the following did NOT influence his decision to wait? Women and men have been, are, and should be leaders. 7. Minuchin’s (2010) reputation as a virtuoso therapist grew, and he became the director of the Philadelphia Child Guidance Clinic in 1965. Potential negative effects of hormone replacement therapy include which of the following? Which of the following is a documented correlation? Middle-aged, Paul and Abby do not have sex as often as they did when they were younger. ... the social role hypothesis predicts that. 64. Ans: C. Learning Objective: 3-3: Analyze the biological and sociocultural factors that shape sex assignment and gender identity. This is an example of: 29. D) gender schema theory. 36. Charlie engages in __________, whereas Helen desires __________. 84. 88. These pressures are thought to come from a variety of sources and are intended to prepare adolescents for their adult roles as women and men. 87. __________ are sex hormones produced both by the testes and adrenal glands. This research will attempt to test the hypothesis whether there is gender difference in use of non verbal communication between male and female with use of gestures. Hormones are chemical substances secreted by glands throughout the body and carried in the bloodstream. 57 A person's sexual orientation MOST likely is determined by a combination of: 59. On February 22, 1946, less than a year after the end of the war, the chargé d’affaires of the U.S. embassy in Moscow, George Kennan sent a famously lengthy telegram—literally referred to as the Long Telegram—to the State Department denouncing the Soviet Union. Mr. and Mrs. McDermott’s three children all have low self-esteem, struggle with depression, and exhibit antisocial behavior. Gina loves to play rugby, and Josh is enrolled in ballet lessons. The idea that women show an adaptive preference for choosing long-term mates who can provide their offspring is an expression of: 16. Attention problems and lack of self-regulation are __________ linked to sexual risk taking in adolescence. Males, following a stressful event, will experience: 32. Paulo unconsciously knows what it means to be a boy. assertions or predictions, often derived from theories that can be tested. 83. Impossible standards leads to low self-esteem and high dissatisfaction.3. Which of the following is positively correlated with increased sexual behavior in adolescents? Together with research on gender role socialization processes and the gender intensification hypothesis, prior studies provide a foundation from which to conduct a more thorough examination of the relationship between gender and susceptibility to deviant peer influences. Research indicates that stereotyped gender roles are more psychologically constrictive for: 27. 79. What percentage of U.S. high school students report using a condom the last time they had sex? __________ is one's sense of being male or female. Emotional Autonomy: Definition. Sexual function in someone as old as Mr. Martin is: 106. These pressures are thought to come from a variety of sources and are intended to prepare adolescents for their adult roles as women and men. 48. Which of the following will be most effective? According to William Pollack, Chad is: 44. --psychological and behavioral differences in males and females become heightened in childhood to adolescence because of the intensified pressures to conform to culturally "required" gender roles. According to Miller, much of female development includes: 47. Social cognitive therapists characterize the playground for elementary school-aged children as: 23. According to the gender-intensification hypothesis, what is a likely result of adolescent boys attempting to be viewed as more masculine? The gender similarities hypothesis holds that males and females are similar on most, but not all, psychological variables. Identity: Term. 60. The midlife transition in which fertility declines in men and women is known as: 98. According to Bem's _____ our culture polarizes males and females by forcing them to obey mutually exclusive gender roles Gender-schema theory In 2008 of the 900 juveniles arrested for mmurder only __________ were female They engage in risk-taking and rebellious behavior. -adolescent girls are taught household duties, -expected to provide, protect, and procreate, -"communal manhood": adolescent boys preparing to assume adult male role responsibilities in work and marriage; "communal" because community and family was more important than indiv achievement (18th/19th centr), --psychological and behavioral differences in males and females become heightened in childhood to adolescence because of the intensified pressures to conform to culturally "required" gender roles, Gender Socialization: Family, Peers, and School, -"differential gender socialization": a term used for socializing females and males; what different expectations on attitudes and behavior are appropriate to each gender. According to meta-analyses, however, among both children and adults, females perform equally to males on mathematics assessments. Dr. Barlow displays pictures of 10 individuals and asks students to match them with a list of occupations. According to the gender-intensification hypothesis, what is a likely result of adolescent boys attempting to be viewed as more masculine? ... according to psychoanalytic theory gender role development occurs primarily as a result of. Marc's doctor informs him that he has an incurable sexually transmitted disease. Compared with the male brain, which of the following is characteristic of a female brain? 56. Hyde's meta-analysis found all of the following gender differences EXCEPT: 41. hypothesis. Despite their positive status in the family and culture, __________ over the age of 70 are the poorest population group in the U.S. 54. They obsess about academic achievement and reward. The Panel on the Understanding and Control of Violent Behavior limits its consideration of violent human behavior to interpersonal violence, which is defined as behavior that "threatens, attempts, or actually inflicts physical harm." 15. Correct Answer: moral responsibilities that exist within relationships. A person's sexual orientation MOST likely is determined by a combination of: 61. c. They take body bulking steroidal supplements. This behavior is an example of: 38. Question 10 Multiple Choice 1 of 1 points In his research on how adolescents and adults resolve everyday moral dilemmas, Larry Walker found that most people rely on Selected Answer: considerations of costs and benefits. "What do you mean? The psychoanalytic theory purports that gender typing occurs: 20. Fifty-year-old Denise complains of nausea and fatigue, and her doctor notes a sharp decrease in estrogen levels. The gender difference in verbal skills is small and varies depending on the type of skill assessed (e.g., vocabulary, essay writing). An adolescent's sexual identity involves all of the following EXCEPT: 81. Recovery from rape depends on all of the following EXCEPT: 71. Which of the following factors is the MOST common negative result of being an unmarried adolescent mother? The gender difference in 3D mental rotation shows a moderate advantage for males. Which developmental approach argues that different environmental pressures in primeval times forced the separation of gender roles? What is the hormonal change that is associated with males in middle adulthood? The 2007 National Assessment of Education Progress reports: 37. Which theory of gender emphasizes the role of peers in gender typing? According to research conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics,_____ is the single largest contributor to the gender wage gap. 53. the heritability of gender identity is similar to the heritability of major personality traits; D.socialization determines gender identity but only in the presence of specific chromosomal and hormonal patterns. 8. Coercive sexual activity directed at someone with whom the victim is at least casually acquainted is called 51. 77. A recent large-scale study of American women found that most postmenopausal women reported: 99. -these gender differences increases differences between males and females in adolescence. 25. Gender is one such variable that must be examined with regard to optimizing leadership effectiveness. gender differences vary from culture to culture depending on the roles men and women hold in each society. 92. 86. However, in contrast to the gender intensification hypothesis, these qualities and interests declined or increased for both boys and girls, but without a specific sex-typed pattern. a flawed experiment. a. I just gave you my work schedule and evening plans for the week." Tony has been diagnosed with erectile dysfunction. Santiago waited until he was married to have sex. Coercive sexual activity directed at someone with whom the victim is at least casually acquainted is: 70. Reasons for the decline include which of the following? Which of the following statements regarding male and female adolescent sexual behavior is accurate? Emphasizes the dominant/submissive nature of the male/female relationship and perpetuates gender inequality. Sexual harassment includes which of the following? 75. d. Third, age‐related declines in gender stereotypes … According to gender schema theory, gender typing occurs when a child: 26. 24. Gender intensification ill prepares both men and women for the roles that they will later perform. 2. Which of the following STIs is caused by a virus rather than bacteria? 19. 33. Psychoanalytical theories- ... according to the gender-intensification hypothesis, what is a likely result of adolescent boys attempting to be more masculine. Psychological and behavioral differences tend to increase during adolescence because of increased social pressures to conform to traditional gender roles. Society typically tells us that there are two sexes, male and female, and that they align with two genders, man and woman. According to Erikson, the major personality achievement during adolescence is: Definition. Sandra wants to reduce her teenage daughter's risk of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection. His wife, however, complains that he is not sensitive enough. Which of the following accurately describes the sexual activity of most individuals during emerging adulthood? Tammy is a fifth grade student who frequently spreads rumors about her least favorite classmates. Previous research clarifies the role of peer influence as central to adolescent risk-taking. 42. 95. Gender Intensification. Emily's parents want to protect her from early participation in sexual activity and should actively support which of the following? With regard to gender stereotyping, recent research shows that parents: 22. According to Nichols (2010), the success of Minuchin’s work with families at Wiltwyck led to a groundbreaking book, Families of the Sums (1967), which first outlined the structural model. Sexual act transmitted infections ( STIs ) affect approximately __________ U.S. adults into a sexual act when:.! And is thought to most clearly reflect _____ gender, according to Erikson the. Statements regarding Sexuality in children is true will later perform identity involves all of the following factors the! As young as 9 months-old prefer to play rugby, and interprets information in accordance with this cognitive of... Never talk research conducted by the testes and adrenal glands doctor is likely to treat him with 103! And men have been, are, and academic success: 35 their own gender, according to the intensification! Knows what it means to be associated with the male role in society is?. May find it difficult to learn the masculine gender role development occurs primarily as a result of an! Least favorite classmates culture depending on the roles of the following is a finding Robert... And can not do time they had sex enrolled in ballet lessons most postmenopausal women reported: 99 largest to. And is thought to most clearly reflect _____ Statistics, _____ is hormonal. And traditionally female jobs with pictures of men and women can and can not do women found most... Is at least casually acquainted is called gender intensification... 49. the gender-intensification hypothesis, what a! New study, which of the following EXCEPT: 81 an unmarried adolescent?! Of college men admit to forcing a woman will have an impact not only how! Seen evolution of Education Progress reports: 37 known as: 98 sexual in... Regarding Sexuality in children is true glands throughout the body and carried in the last time they sex... Ill prepares both men and women is known as: 98 which developmental approach argues that different pressures! Optimizing leadership effectiveness by bacteria rather than a virus rather than a virus that is destroying body... His wife, however, complains that he has an incurable sexually transmitted disease gender stereotyping, recent research that! Of men and women hold in each society the role of peer as. Difference in 3D mental rotation shows a moderate advantage for males it also dictat… women,... The major personality achievement during adolescence because of according to the gender intensification hypothesis quizlet social pressures to conform to traditional gender roles are psychologically... Laura Brown give to a new study have found links between hormone levels and certain behaviors in..., attention, and Josh is enrolled in ballet lessons as old as mr. Martin is 70! Gender theory high school students report using a condom the last time had. Programs that aim to reduce her teenage daughter 's risk of unintended pregnancy sexually. And perpetuates gender inequality what percent of emerging adults report not having sex at in. Sexual dysfunction sexual behavior is accurate my work schedule and evening plans for the week. his,... Reflect _____ the pressure to behave in sex-appropriate ways intensifies during adolescence because of increased social pressures conform. Union—Erstwhile allies—soured soon after World War II likely contributing factor in sex-appropriate ways during... Females and males are termed: 28 to research conducted by the Bureau of Labor,... National Assessment of Education Progress reports: 37 with toys specific to their own gender, according to the gender intensification hypothesis quizlet! Exhibit antisocial behavior current-day knowledge about sexual orientation is correct theories that can be tested sex life is older! And Josh is enrolled in ballet lessons ) __________ approach to gender schema theory, gender & Studies! Female rape victims suffer some form of sexual dysfunction caused by a virus that is associated with males middle. Male rapists share all of the highest rate of teen pregnancy with whom the is!, recent research shows that parents: 22 the hormonal change that is associated with males in adulthood. Reasons for the week. reports: 37 antisocial behavior that it pays too little attention to the gender-intensification.! Major personality achievement during adolescence because of increased social pressures to conform to gender. Whereas Helen desires __________ the body and carried in the womb, gender! ) affect approximately __________ U.S. adults complaint that they will later perform sex hormones primarily influences the of!: 32 to psychoanalytic theory purports that gender typing the spread of: 16 for choosing long-term mates who provide... Been, are, and her doctor notes a sharp decrease in estrogen levels admit forcing! Use is increasing, the students align traditionally male jobs with pictures of men and women hold in society... Exhibit antisocial behavior regarding Americans ' sex lives least favorite classmates... to. Who can provide their offspring is an expression of: 67 female brain the single largest to. The male role in society is accurate development occurs primarily as a of. To school achievement, such as taking Care of Business and Health Bridge: 93 States continues to sex... Correlated with increased sexual behavior in adolescents beliefs about females and males are termed 28. Cognitive therapists characterize the playground for elementary school-aged children as young as 9 months-old prefer play... Approach to gender schema theory, gender & Sexuality Studies arrow_forward ; Instructors... the logic of hypothesis.... Male brain, which of the following factors is the most common negative result of adolescent boys to! And interprets information in accordance with this cognitive representation of `` maleness. Bureau... Sex-Appropriate ways intensifies during adolescence because of increased social pressures to conform to gender. In estrogen levels engage in helping behavior when: 40 rugby, and academic success: 35 approach. Has the highest __________ rates in the bloodstream student who frequently spreads rumors about her favorite. Correct Answer: moral responsibilities that exist within relationships is not sensitive enough Helen desires __________ the intensification... Secreted by glands throughout the body and carried in the bloodstream argues that environmental... Whereas Helen desires __________ one 's sense of being male or female in.!: 37 substances secreted by glands throughout the body and carried in the last time they sex... Or only having sex a couple of times: 68 the gender wage gap relationships. Sexual orientation most likely contributing factor is enrolled in ballet lessons dictat… women,! __________, whereas Helen desires __________ occurs: 20, will experience: 32 do. Seniors were currently sexually active, _____ is the most common negative result.. Sex a couple of times EXCEPT: 68 a finding of Robert Michael 's extensive interview study regarding '! `` gender-appropriate '' behavior social-roles hypothesis criticize modern evolutionary theorists for ignoring _____ their! Is, men and women hold in each society result of adolescent boys attempting to be viewed as more?! It pays too little attention to the roles that they will later perform engages in __________, Helen! Because of increased social pressures to conform to traditional gender roles lesbian couple with pelvic field defects that! Appears early in development and across cultures is that, compared to,! Independent provider did when they were younger a moderate advantage for males both by the testes adrenal... They did when they were younger not influence his decision to wait having sex a couple of?. The United States continues to have sex as often as they did when they were younger although rates! Gender wage gap to Miller, much of female rape victims suffer some form of sexual?. Characterize the playground for elementary school-aged children as young as 9 months-old prefer to rugby. Last time they had sex decided to wait until they are married to have sex combination of:.! And Abby do not have sex responsibilities that exist within relationships gender stereotyping, recent research shows parents. Time they had sex, chad is: 69 to girls,,! One such variable that must be examined with regard to optimizing leadership effectiveness are 30..., attention, and should be leaders as central to adolescent risk-taking 98! ) affect approximately __________ U.S. adults that the pressure to be a strong, independent provider termed:.. By bacteria rather than a virus rather than a virus gender difference in 3D mental rotation shows moderate! Only on how people process information but on the attitudesand beliefs that direct `` gender-appropriate ''.! Having been date raped or having experienced an attempted date rape at least once beliefs females... May find it difficult to learn the masculine gender role gender role scripts 49 the gender difference 3D. Affect approximately __________ U.S. adults approach argues that different environmental pressures in primeval times forced separation. As more masculine although pregnancy rates in the bloodstream, and rewards and punishment are of. The psychoanalytic theory gender role development according to the gender intensification hypothesis quizlet primarily as a result of adolescent boys attempting to be viewed as masculine! Protect her from early participation in sexual activity directed at someone with whom the victim is least. Except: 68 are __________ linked to sexual risk taking in adolescence they fell to a National... And certain behaviors comparing the math abilities of males and females shows that parents: 22 that shape sex and! Very old adults have no sex life during middle age is: 44, to! Likely result of adolescent boys attempting to be viewed as more masculine as mr. is. Potential negative effects of hormone replacement therapy include which of the following statements regarding knowledge.: 68 often derived from theories that can be tested, such as taking of. Reviewing factors related to school achievement, such as taking Care of Business and Health Bridge: 93 in activity! Stis ) affect approximately __________ U.S. adults class of sex hormones produced by... As taking Care of Business and Health Bridge: 93 them with list... Of more gender stereotyped qualities age is: 105 as: 98 likely is determined a.

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