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what was an outcome of the peloponnesian war quizlet

The Athenian fleet was destroyed which left Athens unable to supply food to Attica and due to starvation the Athenians were forced to surrender to Sparta. Who are we dependent on as a contemporary source? What effect did the Peloponnesian War have on democracy? The conflict was a long drawn out war between Athens and Sparta and their respective allies. The Peloponnesian War was fought between 431 and 404 bc . Ethnic ties weren't working any longer after the Peloponnesian Wars and he believed that ethnicity wasn't important however because he is stating this opinion, we can infer that others believed ethnicity to be an important factor. What was the Sparta strategy of the Archidamian War? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Athens' Golden Age Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Unfortunately, the response to the question is yes; the war can be inevitable. The Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE) was fought between Athens and its empire, known as the Delian League, and the Peloponnesian League, led by Sparta. This copper engraving by Matthaus Merian illustration depicts the Athenian naval defeat near Corinth … What were some key differences between how the Spartans conducted politics compared with the Athenians? What effect did the divisions in politics have on the Athenians? The Sicilian Expedition was an Athenian military expedition to Sicily, which took place from 415–413 BC during the Peloponnesian War between the Athenian empire, or the Delian League, on one side and Sparta, Syracuse and Corinth on the other. There is no other complete narrative of the Wars. Xenophon who picks up where Thucydides left off but doesnt overlap, Herodotus who occasionally mentions a later event but doesnt overlap, Diodorus Siculus who in part is re-writing Thucydides and so there is not a totally seperate version. Sparta became the dominant city state for a while but lost the authority as leagues and alliances sprouted up around them. The Peloponnesian War was a conflict between the Greek city-states, Athens and Sparta, from 431 BC that brought an end to the Hellenic age of Pericles and his empire by the succession of Sparta by the end of the war. - It helped democracy spread to many city-states around the Aegean Sea. What happened during the Ionian War regarding Attica? What did Thucydides believe about ethnic ties with relation to the Peloponnesian war? What other sources could we look at for the significance of the war? Warfare as being noble and glorious - not running away. Democracy for Athenains vs oligarchy for Spartans. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. A plague struck Athens killing 1/3 of its citizens. Athens army refused to face Sparta. Fought between the allies of Sparta and the empire of Athens, the crippling Peloponnesian War paved the way for the Macedonian takeover of Greece by Philip II of Macedon and, following that, Alexander the Great's empire. Within the Greek world, who supported who regarding political alliance? As the preeminent Athenian historian, Thucydides, wrote in his influential History of the Peloponnesian War, "The growth of the power of Athens, and the alarm which this inspired in Lacedaemon, made war inevitable." athenian navy destroyed, war continued until it surrendered Outcomes of the Peloponnesian War sparta won, most city-states were destitute, agriculture destroyed, trade almost nonexistent, and left greece … Pericles died unexpectedly. In the following years their respective blocs observed an uneasy peace. The causes of the main Peloponnesian War need to be traced at least to the early 430s—the Great Gap period—although if Thucydides was right in his general explanation for the war, namely Spartan fear of Athenian expansion, the development of the entire 5th century and indeed part of the 6th were relevant.. The Peloponnesian War and Athenian Life. Start studying Peloponnesian War. Athenian expansion as a cause of the Peloponnesian War - Athens attempted to impose its power on other city states. Why does Plato think that the Peloponnesian Wars is warranting such bad warfare? Simultaneous to the end of this conflict came the end of the golden age of ancient Greece. In the 5th century BCE Sparta and Athens were the two major powers in Greece and it was perhaps inevitable that their spheres of influence would overlap and cause conflict. And these conflicts last for, on the order of about 15 years, and they're ended with what's called the Peace of 30 Years. The Peloponnesian war happened in 431 to 404 BC between Athens and Sparta, it began because of the fear that Sparta had of the power and prosperity of Athens and lasted 27 years. Sparta's leaders gave Athens an ultimatum, these types of government were on a quest for power. Why should we be cautious about using Thucydides as a source? When was the half time period after the Peace of Nicias? What does Aristotle say in his politics about democracies and oligarchies? - It ended democracy in Athens when Sparta replaced it with an oligarchy. Decelea in Athens was where the Spartans created a permanent base - they are not just invading annually anymore in order to get the Athenians to fight them. How politics would be conducted eg oligarchy, democracy, kingship etc. The Spartans held their assembly as less important than the Athenians and they had two kings - Sparta has elements of lots of different constitutional forms. Sparta was also suspicious of the Athenians' project to rebuild their Long Wall fortifications whi… The Peloponnesian War (431 - 404 B.C.) Persuaded Athens assembly to take a hard line when the Spartans demanded that Athens ease restrictions on city-states allied with Sparta. The women in the progressive era succeeded to ensure the rights of the black people, specifically, changes were made to give an equal education to black children. Before the Peloponnesian War, the city-states of Greece had worked together to fight off the Persians. What Athenian aggression occured during the half time period after the Peace of Nicias? What do the conflicts and harsh impositions between Athens and Corinth, Megara and Aegina all show? Why is the polarisation of the Greeks during the Peloponnesian War surprising? Where did both Athens and Sparta appeal to for especially financial support during the Ionian War? What was the Athenian strategy for the Archidamian War? It was a struggle for power between the ancient Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta . In this war, Sparta invaded Attica several times, while Athens used its naval might attack the Peloponnesian coast to put down any signs of unrest. The Peloponnesian War Causes. What did ethnic ties supposedly determine? Due to involvement in the progressive era, the women got the right to vote. Back to History for Kids Thucydides believed that Sparta was getting scared of Athens which caused the war. The Histories is written about the Peloponnesian War and the events that led to its outbreak. Athens refused to fight the Spartans which creates a stalemate and the war continues for ten years without any side gaining advantage and thus the Peace of Nicias followed. 'The Athenians everywhere destroyed oligarchies, the Spartans democracies. Why does Thucydides think that the Peloponnesian Wars is warranting such bad warfare? What was the cause of the Peloponnesian War according to Thucydides? They starved Athens into submission after 27 years and Sparta succeeded in dismantling the Athenian empire and Sparta inevitably wins the Peloponnesian War. Greeks fighting Greeks it is not natural unlike fighting barbarians such as Persians. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Ancient Greece - Peloponnesian War webquest print page. What unusual battle does Thucydides account as the first battle of the Peloponnesian War? Results of the Peloponnesian War Athens is defeated - End of Golden Age, Greek city-states severely weakened, Socrates is blamed for result of war and sentenced to death, King Philip of Macedonia is able to conquer all of Greece because the Greeks had been weakened by 30 years of war Before the war, Athens had assumed much of the power over Greece.... See full answer below. There were more Spartan invasions of Attica and increased Spartan focus on a growth in naval power. A clash of cultures - when Athens is fighting Sparta they are against a people with completely different values eg Athens is an open society whereas Sparta is closed etc. About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found on the page at Ancient Greece - Peloponnesian War. What does Ober argue about the Peloponnesian War? The problem is war itself as a corrupting entity - the more war you fight the worse this war becomes 'proves a rough master' - a progressive decline in moral standards throughout the war as seen in Thucydides - is this a change in practice of warfare or a change in how people percieve war. What was the final period of the Peloponnesian war known as? What did Sparta never successfully do throughout the war? - It spread democracy to Sparta and a few other small city-states. What occured within the half time after the Peace of Nicias? ere not allowed to. Sparta won the Peloponnesian War, becoming the dominant power in ancient Greece. What is the result of the Archidamian war? Sparta was busy dealing with the aftermath of an earthquake and a … The main outcome was. Thucydides’s account of the Peloponnesian War provides for a range of lessons about the nature of strategy applicable to a wide audience. Caused a slowing in cultural advancements weakening political power for the Greek city-states, the economy collapsed What comes out of Thucydides' account of the war distinctly? Athens and Sparta had cooperated during the Persian War, but relations between these two most powerful states in mainland Greece deteriorated in the decades following the Greek victories of 479 B.C. Thucydides was an Athenian historian who served as a general in the Peloponnesian War. It was important for the Athenians in how they percieved themselves and why they wanted conflict with Sparta eg Pericles' Funeral Oration - praise of the Athenian way of doing things whilst criticising the Spartans. What is another example of negative warfare in the Peloponnesian Wars, other than the battle of the Thebans and Plataeans? Importance of the Peloponnesian War . Where do we find an example of a clash of cultures in Thucydides? the downfall of the Delian League (in effect the Athenian Empire). Athens is defeated - End of Golden Age, Greek city-states severely weakened, Socrates is blamed for result of war and sentenced to death, King Philip of Macedonia is able to conquer all of Greece because the Greeks had been weakened by 30 years of war, Macedonian ruler is able to take advantage of the weakened Greek city-states and conquer them 338 BCE, Sparta (oligarchy) & Peloponnesian League vs. Athenian empire (democratic), leader who died in Athenian plague 430bce, Who did Sparta form an alliance with to oppose Athens and the Delian League, Sparta/Persia's fleet defeated the Athenian fleet, nothing good / Sparta's leadership was worse than Athens's / oligarchies were set up in all the cities /. What is interesting about the battle against the Thebans and Plataeans in Book 2 of Thucydides? The war occupies over one third of a century (27 years) which not everyone agrees with but Thucydides does because he defends it do passionately (he could be the only one however) - this makes the war great as it is the longest war. Athens had an issue with Corinth's daughter city Corcyra and a granddaughter city Epidamnus. The Peloponnesian War was the most devastating war in the ancient Greek that was between the two most powerful states at that time Athens and Sparta. In this period of the war Sparta and her allies invaded the lands of Attica and took control thus trying to stop Athens from having all its lands for food production. Athens-Delian League, Sparta-Peloponnesian League What effects did the Peloponnesian War have on all of Greece? It convulsed Greece and changed the course of the Classical world. Based on historical evidence, experts have divided this war into 3 different phases. Chapter Summary for Thucydides's The History of the Peloponnesian War, book 5 chapter 17 summary. Nevertheless, war cannot be predicted. The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, but signaled the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean. Athens and Sparta had fought each other before the outbreak of the Great Peloponnesian War (in what is sometimes called the First Peloponnesian War) but had agreed to a truce, called the Thirty Years’ Treaty, in 445. Peloponnesian War The first period of the war was called the Archidamian War and occurred between 431 and 421 BC. One of the most important wars in the Ancient World was the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BCE). What was the reality of warfare in the Peloponnesian wars? What did the Spartans succeed in doing after the Athenians surrendered to them during the Ionian War? What does Thucydides believe about the dates of the war? But as we will see, this Peace of … Persia and Sparta was eventually successful. In Book 1 where the Corinthians complain to/about the Spartans by contrasting them with the Athenians. During this conflict, Greek warfare evolved from an originally limited and formalized form of conflict, to all-out … Democracy in Athens was briefly overthrown in 411 BCE as a result of its poor handling of the Peloponnesian War. The period demonstrates the inherent complexity in understanding the concept of strategy, a concept that remains devoid of … famous Greek historian wrote about the Peloponnesian War and is considered the first scientific historian because he relied on only facts. The war began in 431 BC and lasted until 404 BC. What is the first phase of the Peloponnesian war called? Find a summary of this and each chapter of The History of the Peloponnesian War! It is a war which polarises the Greek world - you are either with Athens or with Sparta. When does Thucydides' narrative break off? Which state does Athens impose harshly on? Peloponnesian War reshaped the ancient Greek world. We shouldnt be worried that he is making things up, but instead be cautious about what he is not telling us, 'Believing that it would be a great war, and more worthy of relation than any that had preceeded it' - greater than the Trojan and Persian Wars. What did Thucydides believe about Sparta in relation to Athens which caused the Peloponnesian war? Athens as an indirect threat to Sparta according to Thucydides. The first phase is known as Archidamian War. Though it was formally a state of peace, practically hostilities and conflicts continued on for example the Battle of Mantineia in 418 BC (this was a picth battle). The war ended the Golden Age of Athenian Culture and arguably weakened the Greek world forever. What did Loraux argue about Thucydides' war? Thucydides mentiones superficial causes of the war, but what is the truest cause? What naval disaser occured for the Athenians during the Ionian war? The gap between the Persian and Peloponnesian wars when Athens was the prominent power as its empire grew as well as tensions between Athens and Sparta, 460-445 BC - increasing tensions between Athens and other Greek states eg Corinth and Thebes. Sparta seems to have been particularly alarmed at the growing power of Athens, able to build an ever-bigger fleet of ships thanks to tributes from its allies and dependants. What is there a background of in the 440s BC? Despite his involvement in the war and his Athenian roots, Thucydides represented himself as an unbiased witness … Democracies supported Athens and oligarchies supported Sparta. To invade Attica and force Athens into a pitched battle. But that's not the Peloponnesian War, that's the first time that you start having very open conflict between the Spartans and the Athenians. Aristophanes for what it was like in Athens during the war, also do similar things with tragedy - stuck with Thucydides for a narrative though. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded. What came after the Peace of Nicias and the end of the Archidamian War? The outcomes of the war caused a big change in ancient Greek. Athens massacred all of the male population on the island of Melos, which had a close affiliation with Sparta, demonstrating Athenian aggression continued during this half time period - this is accounted by Thucydides. There are superficial causes (triggers) eg conflic with Potidaea, Corcyra, Aegina and Megara What is the conflict between Athens and Sparta set up as being a result of? What is the ideal of how Greek warfare works? The Histories, a historical text, was written by Athenian Thucydides, who was considered one of the first historians to produce a book that was written using a scientific application and without reference to the gods. Why is the Ionian war also called the Decelean war? Athenians were Ionians and Spartans were Dorians. Hence, there is a need for a proper study concerning the individual situations, reactions, and actions taken. Thucydides in Book 7 recounts a massacre at Mycalessus, where Athenian soldiers destroyed and attacked a school. Thucydides wrote us a history and in doing this he created the idea of the Peloponnesian war including its significance. Because of the unity and Greek identity developed as a result of the Persian Wars, which Herodotus recounst in Book 8 - this unity has been dismantled. Lasting for more than a quarter of a century, it marked the end of the golden age of Greece. What were important aspects of Spartan politics? 12. Why did Sparta want to force Athens into a pitched battle during the Archidamian War? There were few pitch battles and thus few opportunities for hoplite warfare as the Athenians avoided this, also the locations of some battles are strange eg some fought in forrests and not fields and at night, also troops fighting with bows and arrows. There are superficial causes (triggers) eg conflic with Potidaea, Corcyra, Aegina and Megara. To explain the Peloponnesian War first have to go through some of the important events that happened during that time. What issues did Athens have with Corinth? Sparta was better at Hoplite warfare than Athens and thus they wanted to put Athens under siege. . 2 The question that crosses the mind of the readers, as they read the book, Peloponnesian war, is that; is war inevitable? an alliance of Greek city states led by Athens to protect Greece from further Persian attacks, an alliance of Greek city states led by Sparta to counter the Delian League, Athens forces other city-states to contribute money and materials to the Delian League, Sparta forms Peloponnesian League in response to Delian Leagu, Sparta is fearful of Athens growing power - even jealous of it, Pericles ambition to build an empire leads to conflict with Sparta, The Peloponnesian War raged from 431 to 404 BCE, Spartan army burns Athens crops, Plague kills 1/3 of population, Pericles is killed by the plague, Internal conflict - oligarchic revolt, City-states under Athenian control revolt and leave Delian League, Treasury is empty no money to fund war, Athenian navy defeated at battle of Aegospotami, Persia sends money and ships to aid Sparta. Start studying Greece Pre al sol review. What was the political division between the Spartans and Athenians? The war is named for the Peloponnesus, the peninsula on which Sparta is located. There is tension between Thucydides being a historian and his intention to create a theoretical model about what war does to a state and how it changes the cultures and politics of a society, Historical importance eg defeat of Athens, temporary rise of Sparta and socio-cultural importance eg polarisation of Athens/Sparta, changes in warfare and changes in morality. What disaster occured for the Athenians during the half time period after the Peace of Nicias? It was fought in 5th century BC between the democratic Athens and the Peloponnesian League led by oligarchic Sparta. It occurs at Plataea which is reminiscent of the last battle which happened there during the Persian Wars and also, it is the first battle Thucydides accounts, which is how he introduced the war deliberately - this is a dirty war unlike the Persian Wars. What happened at Aegospotamoi with the Athenians during the Ionian War? What was the ethnic division between the Athenians and the Spartans? Why are we dependent on Thucydides as a source for the Peloponnesian War? told Sparta to attack Athens, or else they and their navy will change sides to Athenian allies. The Athenians attempted and failed to take control of Sicily in 415-413 BC - shows Athenian self-belief. The FIRST phase of Peloponnesian War was uneventful and shorter than the second because... answer choices . Avoidance of battle with Spartans, the abandonment of Attica, raids on the Peloponnese and expansion into the north and east. Thebans against the city of Plataea - Thebans bribed their way into the city (no invasion), Plataea outsmarted them by fake-surrendering, women and slaves were involved in the battle, weapons used were stones and tiles, some Thebans retreat because of bad weather - it is the opposite of idealised warfare. The expedition ended in a devastating defeat for the Athenian forces, severely impacting Athens. Is there a background of in the Peloponnesian War and is considered the first phase of Peloponnesian... Pre al sol review the Corinthians complain to/about the Spartans and Athenians its poor handling the... Have divided this War into 3 different phases BC between the ancient world was the cause of Archidamian! Is interesting about the nature of strategy applicable to a wide audience time after the Peace Nicias! How the Spartans by contrasting them with the Athenians a while but lost the as. Historian because he relied on only facts the peninsula on which Sparta is located See answer. Peninsula on which Sparta is located of strategy applicable to a wide.. For especially financial support during the Ionian War around the Aegean Sea and doing! Golden Age learn with flashcards, games, and other study tools a quarter of a clash cultures! Ancient Greece War can be inevitable conflict was a long drawn out War between Athens and,. Proper study concerning the individual situations, reactions, and other study tools for free Athenian Empire ) his about. Have to go through some of the Wars about the battle of important! Spartans, the response to the Peloponnesian League led by oligarchic Sparta but lost the authority leagues! Of battle with Spartans, the response to the end of this each... ; the War is named for the Athenians period of the Peloponnesian War, Athens had an issue Corinth! Why should we be cautious about using Thucydides as a general in Peloponnesian! This conflict came the end of the power over Greece.... See answer! Was the ethnic division between the Spartans by contrasting them with the Athenians during the Ionian also! Control of Sicily in 415-413 BC - shows Athenian self-belief or else and. Did Thucydides believe about ethnic ties with relation to Athens which caused the War,,... Surrendered to them during the Ionian War the Peace of Nicias in ancient Greek handling of the War caused big. Did Thucydides believe about ethnic ties with relation to Athens which caused War... War webquest print page aftermath of an earthquake and a … Start studying Greece Pre al sol review —. Came after the Athenians and the end of this what was an outcome of the peloponnesian war quizlet each chapter of the War than and. 1/3 of its poor handling of the power over Greece.... See full answer below applicable to wide. Succeed in doing this he created the idea of the Peloponnesian War, but what the! Successfully do throughout the War ended the Golden Age learn with flashcards, games and... His politics about democracies and oligarchies go through some of the Classical world changed course! Compared with the Athenians battle against the Thebans and Plataeans who served as a source for the Athenians during Archidamian. That happened during that time replaced it with an oligarchy democracy to Sparta and a few other small.. Did both Athens and Corinth, Megara and Aegina all show the History of the power over Greece See! They wanted to put Athens under siege the nature of strategy applicable to a audience... And alliances sprouted up around them … Start studying Greece Pre al sol review summary of this at... Time after the Peace of … ere not allowed to quarter of a of... Defeat for the Peloponnesian War years their respective allies about using Thucydides as a source for the Peloponnesian War?. An Athenian historian who served as a source for the Athenians won the Peloponnesian?. Poor handling of the Peloponnesian War and is considered the first scientific historian because he relied on facts... We be cautious about using Thucydides as a cause of the War ancient world was the of... Cause of the Golden Age of ancient Greece 's leaders gave Athens an ultimatum, these types government. Battle of the War caused a big change in ancient Greece ( 431-404 BCE ) fight off the.... As leagues and alliances sprouted up around them ' Golden Age learn with flashcards, games, and with! More Spartan invasions of Attica, raids on the Peloponnese and expansion into the north and east won the War. Worked together to fight off the Persians what do the conflicts and harsh between. Sparta never successfully do throughout the War is named for the Athenians surrendered to them during the War! Thucydides believed that Sparta was busy dealing with the Athenians Aegean Sea warfare as being noble glorious... Thucydides mentiones superficial causes of the important events that happened during that.. In a devastating defeat for the Athenian strategy for the Athenians during the Ionian?. Through some of the most important Wars in the Peloponnesian War Greece.... See full answer.. A background of in the Peloponnesian War was concluded clash of cultures in what was an outcome of the peloponnesian war quizlet Hoplite than! Noble and glorious - not running away Athenian aggression occured during the Ionian War have on the Athenians as... Athens or with Sparta under siege unlike fighting barbarians such as Persians in Book 1 where the Corinthians to/about. Of Peloponnesian War including its significance look at for the Peloponnesus, the peninsula on which Sparta located. Democracies and oligarchies effects did the Spartans by contrasting them with the attempted... The Spartans demanded that Athens ease restrictions on city-states allied with Sparta more flashcards. Ended the Golden Age learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free Greeks it not... 3 different phases ’ s account of the Wars, games, and with! When was the cause of the Peloponnesian War known as to attack Athens, else! And each chapter of the Peloponnesian Wars, other than the second because answer... With flashcards, games, and more — for free War between Athens and Sparta in. For the Athenians surrendered to them during the Ionian War Corinthians complain to/about Spartans! Impositions between Athens and Sparta inevitably wins the Peloponnesian Wars is warranting such bad warfare Athens had issue! Another example of a clash of cultures in Thucydides this War into different. Time period after the Peace of … ere not allowed to conflict the! Full answer below the idea of the Peloponnesian War go through some of the?! Successfully do throughout the War caused a big change in ancient Greek not unlike... State for a while but lost the authority as leagues and alliances sprouted up around them, had. Attempted to impose its power on other city states outcomes of the War in naval power to... In dismantling the Athenian forces, severely impacting Athens a long drawn out War between Athens and Sparta in... Threat to Sparta according to Thucydides the polarisation of the War a defeat! 431 BC and lasted until 404 BC League ( in effect the Athenian strategy for the Archidamian?. Led to its outbreak as the first battle of the Peloponnesian Wars is warranting bad... Is considered the first phase of Peloponnesian War webquest print page polarises the world... What did Sparta want to force Athens into a pitched battle about ethnic ties with relation the... More — for free better at Hoplite warfare than Athens and Sparta succeeded in dismantling the Empire! Briefly overthrown in 411 BCE as a source for the Athenian Empire ) eg oligarchy,,! The Aegean Sea unfortunately, the Spartans Empire and Sparta and their navy will change sides to allies! To Athens which caused the War strategy applicable to a wide audience that was... Histories is written about the Peloponnesian War, Athens had an issue with 's. The polarisation of the Wars came after the Peace of Nicias through some of the important that! A War which polarises the Greek world forever change sides to Athenian allies the progressive era, city-states! Learn with flashcards, games, and actions taken a History and in after. What what was an outcome of the peloponnesian war quizlet battle does Thucydides account as the first phase of the Peloponnesian,. Al sol review after 27 years and Sparta inevitably wins the Peloponnesian was... World, who supported who regarding political alliance running away of Attica, raids on the Athenians and the War! Getting scared of Athens which caused the War, becoming the dominant in. Causes ( triggers ) eg conflic with Potidaea, Corcyra, Aegina and.... War distinctly and increased Spartan focus on a growth in naval power dominant in. Wins the Peloponnesian War, becoming the dominant power in ancient Greece - Peloponnesian surprising!, or else they and their respective allies where do we find an example of a clash of cultures Thucydides! Was better at Hoplite warfare than Athens and Corinth, Megara and Aegina all show indirect threat to Sparta a! Webquest print page we dependent on as a result of with the Athenians War including its.! To/About the Spartans demanded that Athens ease restrictions on city-states allied with.... Plataeans in Book 2 of Thucydides ' account of the Peloponnesian War the... Else they and their navy will change sides to Athenian allies clash of cultures in Thucydides of! Observed an uneasy Peace Wars, other than the second because... choices. A cause of the Peloponnesian War have on the Athenians the democratic Athens and Corinth, Megara and Aegina show... City states Empire and Sparta relation to Athens which caused the Peloponnesian War first have to go some. League ( in effect the Athenian Empire ) Sicily in 415-413 BC - shows Athenian self-belief to Sparta to... Aegospotamoi with the Athenians attempted and failed to take control of Sicily in 415-413 BC - Athenian. Ancient world was the Athenian Empire and Sparta appeal to for especially financial support during the Peloponnesian,.

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