Movie stars? This 2018 U.S. Department of Defense report [PDF] analyzes China’s military and security developments. China has claimed Taiwan since the Chinese Civil War, when Chiang Kai-shek’s Nationalists lost and rebased their government in Taiwan. Political dissent was harshly repressed and Taiwanese who had long inhabited the island before 1945 faced discrimination. Biden could struggle with Taiwan issue rocking U.S.-China relations, says political risk expert Published Tue, Jan 12 2021 1:36 AM EST Updated Tue, Jan … January 7, 2021, In Brief The tacit agreement underlying the 1992 Consensus is that Taiwan will not seek independence. by Richard N. Haass Scholars cite the 228 Incident, a Taiwanese uprising against the KMT-led ROC that was violently suppressed in 1947, as the root of a strong ethnic Taiwanese identity that sowed the seeds for democratization. In an effort to avoid outright economic dependence on the mainland, Taiwan has sought to diversify its commercial partnerships. [CDATA[// > Beijing has also restricted tourism to Taiwan, excluded the island from international entities addressing civil aviation and global health issues, and pressured global corporations to list Taiwan as a Chinese province. //--> Despite the sovereignty dispute, the economic ties between the island and the mainland have thrived in recent years. Almost 55 percent of the island’s residents regarded themselves as exclusively Taiwanese, according to a survey conducted by National Chengchi University in 2018.